C O N T E N T S :




"Why has this discipline of radio - at one time the very heart of electronic technology - come to the point where people consider it an arcane science ? I have been forced to consider what first attracted me to radio during my formative years. I liked radio because it was aesthetically appealing. I was not nearly as impressed by the capabilities of radio as by the very nature of radio. Radio is great, not because of what it does, but because of what it is. Nobody buys an original Da Vinci painting to cover a hole in the wall. By the same token there are other means of communication that are more efficient than bouncing signals off the ionosphere; but the very fact that we can bounce signals off the ionosphere makes it worth the effort ... Maxwell's equations appeal to the body, soul and spirit. Sine waves are veritable works of art. Antenna radiation patterns are beautiful ... It is incumbent upon radio initiates to convey the mystique and aesthetic aspects of our hobby to newcomers. To fail to do so is to doom our hobby and the radio profession to the status of a lost art."

Eric Nichols, KL7AJ

"Somewhere on a lonely mountaintop on a starry night, or maybe in an apartment on a bustling city block, someone is channeling the whole world onto a mobile device. It's not a phone; it's a shortwave radio ...
Now that the Internet is a fixture in many homes in the United States and Canada, there are few practical reasons to buy a shortwave radio. Thousands of stations that once were available only on the shortwave band are online ...
The contrast is stark: iPods and satellite radios are slim and pocket-sized, while shortwaves are throwbacks, typically as square as a textbook and just as serious looking.
So why bother with shortwave?
It's easy and cheap -- and fun. You can hear and learn things that you would never find even if you work your search engine like a mule. From Swaziland to Paris to Havana, shortwave broadcasters can surprise an adventurous listener more than any MP3 playlist ...
It's also magic. Shortwave radio enthusiasts acknowledge the thrill -- the romance, in a way -- of going out at night and snaring news, music, odd bleeps, religious zealots and other broadcasts from the wild sea of frequencies in the sky.
In aural terms, the Internet wins. Shortwave by nature sounds dirty: Its signals whoosh from clouds of static and are subject to the whims of sunspots and atmospheric disturbances.
But when you hear voices over the noise and squeal, and realize you are hearing Mongolia, live, there is a warmth and a human connection that are hard to find on the Web.
Shortwave also can deliver news faster than you might find it online, and in places where your other devices don't work ..."

Excerpts from
"Shortwave Radio Still Packs an Audible Thrill"
by Robert MacMillan, New York (Reuters), Jan 14, 2009


updated from the NOAA website every 3 hours - you will need to refresh your web page to update


Karl Fischer, on Earth since 1956, on the air since 1973, profession: software engineer

Pforzheim (48° 54' N / 8° 42' E), the Gateway to the Black Forest, Germany, Central Europe - 25 Km from the University of Karlsruhe, where in 1886 Heinrich Hertz proved the existence of electromagnetic waves as predicted by Maxwell. Learn what happened to my hometown Pforzheim on February 23, 1945.

Mail address: Karl Fischer, Friedenstr. 42, 75173 Pforzheim, Germany

Transceivers: Kenwood: TS-590 / TS-50, Ten-Tec: Corsair II, Elecraft: KX2 and some homebrew QRP transceivers

Receivers: Drake 2-B (vintage 1960s, tubes)

Drake T-4X (vintage 1960s, tubes)

Power Amplifiers: Expert 1K-FA (MOSFETs, fully automatic, max. 1 KW output power, 1.8 - 50 MHz)


Antenna #1: Tennadyne T6 LPDA (Log Periodic Dipole Array), 6 Elements @ 15m above ground, operable continously from 14 to 30 MHz with SWR<2.
Antenna #2:
18m Vertical Dipole, feedpoint @ 9m above ground + automatic tuner SGC SG-230, operable countinously from 3.5 to 30 MHz (one arm of the dipole is a "Titanex V40" 10m long vertical radiator of aluminium / titanium alloy, the other arm is a 8m long vertical coax section going straight down towards ground).
Antenna #3: Inverted-V dipole for the 80m-band.

Morse Keyers and Keys:
Keyrama  and "CMOS Super Keyer II" with homebrew Sensor-Paddles
Vibroplex "Original" Bug, left-handed model, Ser.# 234150 (built in 1963, read its story !)
Vibroplex "Lightning" Bug, left-handed model, Ser.# 219318 (built in 1961)
Vibroplex "Champion" Bug, Ser.# 260509 (built in 1969)
E.F. Johnson Co. "SpeedX" Bug, modell 114-520, converted for left-handed operation
Various Sideswipers

Memberships: FOC # 1980, HSC # 842,  DARC, RSGB, ARRL

radio telegraphy with bugs, sideswipers and electronic keyers --- DX-ing (DXCC entities confirmed: 315) --- rag-chewing in CW and SSB --- radio engineering --- antennas & transmission lines in theory and practice --- study and forecast of ionospheric radio propagation --- vintage radio equipment collection, restoration and operation --- exchange and collection of individually designed QSL cards --- good friends --- good food, beer and wines --- hiking --- jogging --- cycling --- travelling

Aversions: crocodiles (radio operators with small ears and big mouths) --- contersters who ignore the band plans and legal power limits --- five-nine-nine QSOs --- promised QSLs which never arrive --- eQSL --- DX-cluster --- soft-drinks

DJ5IL, opr. Karl, in February 1974 at the age of 17

In memory of my late uncle Fritz Hauff, W3NZ. Fritz was a true cousin of my grandmother and a passionate and exceptional radio amateur. This picture shows OM Fritz in his 1950 radio shack in Royersford / PA when he held his first callsign W3GHS.

(from the FOC News Sheet 666, April 2005)

At 2200z on 9 October 2001 I checked 20 meters. Signals from Europe were strong but not plentiful, and in my pet spectrum (14022 - 14030 KHz) the CQ from DJ5IL was outstanding and snappy. I gave my call once and he bounced back to me with flawless CW. "TNX OM for call, you are 599 and my name is Karl, the QTH is Pforzheim, at the north end of the Black Forest. BK".

I said, "Many TNX Karl, you are also solid 599, my name is Fritz. I know the Black Forest well, my mother came from Haiterbach and years ago I had some relatives in Pforzheim. I am not sure of their name, but believe it was Karl Fischer, he was married to my cousin Kaethe Klenk and he had a store selling watches and clocks. Would you know them or of them? BK".

Karl replied. "Solid copy Fritz. My name is Karl Fischer and the store is still in the family. We are related, I am 45 years old and I never knew my grandfather Karl Fischer, he had died before I was born. How about it?".

By that time my mind went almost blank. A good CW operator in the relationship was too much for me to contemplate. We exchanged e-mail addresses and signed.

After I told my wife Jean this story, her eyes opened wide and she said, "It's hard to believe, it is a small world!".

My first experience with radio!
(by W3NZ, from a personal letter)

I was ten years old - back in 1921 when I saw and heard my first radio. It was a home built 3 tube breadbord set.
I was hooked !
It was an adventure for me to build a little crystal set. The big expense was a pair of Siemens earfones and the cotton covered wire for the coil and the aerial. It took a few days before the miracle happened - I heard Stuttgart. Was I ever excited! " Mom, hurry up and listen! " She arrived, I put the earfones over her head. Her cheeks turned white and after a few seconds she hollered: "Get this thing out of this house, it is the work of the devil!" A week later she had a change of mind - after she found out that her preacher also had a
It was the beginning of my life long passion!


Listen to the magic sounds of shortwave radio ! Here you find audio clips of worldwide Amateur Radio, Broadcasting, Utility and Spy Number Stations recorded from my station transceivers and vintage receivers RFT EKD-300, DRAKE MSR-2 and DRAKE 2B. Stop by from time to time for brand new radio recordings ... Click on a station identifier to play the audio clip. Enjoy !


VU2DK   a well-known voice on the bands: op. Zal, QTH Poona near Bombay / India, here in QSO with DK5EC (op. Karl, QTH Bonn / Germany). 11-02-2011, 11:02 UTC, 21239 KHz, S9, (TS-870 / LPDA). 

VK2GND   op. Mark, QTH Hornsby / Australia, pushing 1 KW into two stacked 3-element Yagi antennas, in QSO with VU2XO (op. Patel in India). 10-01-2011, 13:30 UTC, 14273 KHz, S9 (TS-870 / LPDA short path). 

ZL2JBR - qrp test   John asks his QSO partner DL1DH in Germany to reduce power and copies his 1 Watt Signal still perfectly well with S3 in New Zealand, a distance of nearly 20.000 Km - really incredible ! 17-01-2011, 11:10 UTC, 14215 KHz, S9+10dB (TS-870 / LPDA short path). 

ZL2JBR   op. John, QTH Wellington / New Zealand. 21-12-2010, 09:25 UTC, 14215 KHz, S9, (TS-870 / LPDA short path). 

HB9QQ   calling "CQ DX" from Switzerland in CW on the 17m band, with echo signals due to multipath-propagation (... he worked many Japanese stations afterwards). 07-11-2004, 09:10 UTC, 18087KHz.


"Radio Kitaia"   the Russian program of "China Radio International" CRI. 13-02-2011, 09:00 UTC, 15340 KHz (TS-870 / LPDA). 

China Radio International (CRI)   with echoes caused by multi-path propagation. 20-12-2010, 10:20 UTC, 15440 KHz (TS-870 / LPDA). 

Deutsche Welle (DW)   with strong echoes caused by multi-path propagation. 07-09-2010, 15:30 UTC, 6075 KHz (TS-870 / Vertical). 

Voice of Russia   interval signal and anouncement "Hier ist Moskau ..." ("Here is Moscow ...") starting the German programme, 01-06-2004 15:00 UTC 7330 KHz.

AIR India   with a typical music program. 06-Jul-2004, 13:52 UTC, 11585 KHz.

Radio Tashkent   interval signal and announcement, exotic sounds from the capital of Uzbekistan on the Great Silk Road in Central Asia. 07-07-2004, 14:30 UTC, 17775 KHz.

BBC World Service   time signal and announcement. 07-07-2004, 15:00 UTC, 15565 KHz.


38702  77026 ...   yes, there are still spy number stations active in CW like this one ! After the automatic transmission of number groups, the operator seems to wait for confirmation by the target station and uses the straight key to ask "QRV ?" ("are you ready ?"). 27-03-2011, 08:17 UTC, 14937 KHz, S9+20dB ! (TS-870 / Vertical). 

"846 846 ..."   Russian spy number station. 12-01-2011, 10:15 UTC, 14280 KHz (TS-870 / LPDA). 

"Echo Zulu India"   spy number station (ENIGMA classification: E10). It is generally believed that MOSSAD (the Israel Intelligence Service) operates these stations, transmitter sites include Israel and their embassies and consulates. E10 is characterized by a female voice repeating a three letter phonetic phrase. This can go for hours before the message is sent, which consists of blocks of phonetic letters. 03-07-2004, 07:00 UTC, 11565 KHz.

"39208 ..."   another spy number station playing xylophone - spooky ! 05-07-2004, 15:10 UTC, 11545 KHz.


This chapter presents articles, essays and features dealing with technical, operational, regulatotory and historical  aspects of radio. The layout of some of the available PDF files is my reminiscence of the "ham radio" (HR) magazine, which was founded by Skip Tenney, W1NLB, and Jim Fisk, W1HR/W1DTY and published from February 1968 to June 1990. In its time HR was the preeminent technical magazine for amateur radio, it had no peers and to this day published some of the most cutting edge articles in amateur radio history. Feel free to download and circulate any of the material presented here ...

Important Notice: Many recent browser versions include their own native PDF plug-ins that automatically replace the Acrobat and Reader plug-in from Adobe. Installing Firefox 19 or later or Chrome 8.0.552.215 or later can result in your Adobe plug-in being silently disabled and replaced. Browser plug-ins typically do not support all PDF capabilities or offer comparable features. If you experience for example poor quality when viewing or printing PDF documents in Firefox you should change your browser preferences so that it uses the Acrobat or Reader PDF Viewer: 1) Choose Firefox > Options > Applications 2) Select "Portable Document Format (PDF)" from the Content Type column 3) In the Action column change from "Preview in Firefox" to "Use Adobe Acrobat ..."

 (in German only)

Das Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Betriebsmitteln (EMVG) überträgt der Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA) die Aufgabe, insbesondere Probleme mit der elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit einschließlich Funkstörungen aufzuklären und Abhilfemaßnahmen zu veranlassen. Mit der Verfahrensanweisung VA soll sichergestellt werden, dass dabei "einheitlich, rechtmäßig, wirtschaftlich und technisch zweckmäßig" gehandelt wird. Im Sinne der VA regelt die Arbeitsanweisung AA die Vorgehensweise des Prüf- und Messdienstes bei der Bearbeitung von Störungen. Meine Petition zur Verfahrensanweisung und Arbeitsanweisung der Bundesnetzagentur für die Bearbeitung elektromagnetischer Störungen zeigt auf, weshalb VA und AA gegen die Vorgaben des EMVG verstoßen und damit eine rechtmäßige Bearbeitung von Störungen verhindern.


The prolific radio raconteur, whose easy storytelling style earned comparisons to Mark Twain and who was described as "the first radio novelist", captivated a generation with his stories and inspired a new generation of spoken narrative artists. Shep was an American original, a radio and TV personality, humorist, writer, actor and musician. The art, wit and humour of Jean Shepherd which has entertained for so many years lives on in the recordings of many of his radio shows, which can be found on the web as public domain. Some of these recordings reflect his genuine an deep-rooted passion for the science, spirit and soul of Radio and especially for Amateur Radio and CW. It is my pleasure to present you a few of these 
recordings which I have compiled and remastered ...


Während mit der weiten Verbreitung billig produzierter Geräte und physikalisch unvernünftiger Technologien - wie z.B. "Powerline Communication" PLC/PLT - der Elektrosmog stetig zunimmt, ignoriert die Bundesnetzagentur BNetzA ganz im Sinne von Industrie-Lobbys immer mehr ihren Gesetzesauftrag zum Schutz der Funkdienste vor elektromagnetischen Störungen. Es scheint notwendig, die Grundlagen dieses Schutzauftrags zu beleuchten ...


Radio amateurs invented and pioneered electronic Morse code keyers, but today their knowledge of the different twin-lever keying modes is sparse. Here is a review and thorough explanation ...


The suffix "-rama" stems from the Ancient Greek word "οραμα" which means "wide view". In order to complement
"All about Squeeze-Keying" with a useful practical device I developed the unique PIC-based multi-mode Morse code keyer "Keyrama". It enables the operator to get a wide view of the different keying modes, to compare its correct emulation and timing of the original twin-lever modes with the behaviour of other keyers, to follow the visualized action of the dot/dash-memory and to find out to which extent his specific keying technique really makes use of it ...


An improved PIC-based capacitive sensor-paddle for electronic Morse code keyers ...

DIFONA HF-P1  (in German only)  

Diese kleine zerlegbare Vertikalantenne erlaubt Amateurfunkbetrieb auf allen KW-Bändern mit maximal 150 Watt Sendeleistung und bietet sich mit einer Transportlänge von 37 cm insbesondere für den Portabelbetrieb an.
Ein Vergleichstest ...


Let me take you on a time journey, back to the old days without mobile phones and internet, when worldwide communication was a real thrill pioneered by radio amateurs with their homebuilt equipment. Watch the amazing short movie "CQ-DX" which was produced in 1956 ...


video demonstrates persistent iambic squeeze-keying without dot / dash memory at 40 wpm ...


Wohin geht die Leistung, die von einer fehlangepassten Last am Ausgang einer Übertragungsleitung reflektiert wird ? Jahrelang war ich der Ansicht, daß sie am Generator total re-reflektiert wird, so wie es von Walt Maxwell, W2DU, ursprünglich propagiert wurde, und meine Darstellung dieses Modells war hier zu finden. Inzwischen bin ich zu einer anderen Überzeugung gelangt und warum das so ist, wird hier
erklärt ...


Kondensierte Form des Artikels "Energiefluss auf Übertragungsleitungen", ergänzt um die Begründung und Berechnung des Zusatzverlustes ...


Add a new dimension of CW perception to your receiver by incorporating this simple audio device for pseudo-stereo reception of radio telegraphy signals. The sound does not seem to originate from the earphones as usual, but from the inside of your head. Multiple CW signals in the receiver passband seem to be spreaded out holding specific positions, while static crashes appear randomly distributed throughout the entire space - a spatial sound sensation with depth and presence that makes CW copy unique ...

I recorded a few moments on the 40m band to demonstrate the effect of the CODEPHASER. Before you listen to the demo, please note that it is absolutely necessary to use stereo headphones - PC loudspeakers definitely don't work !  Don't expect astounding but rather subtle effects, since spatial sound sensations are the normal condition for our auditory system. Close your eyes while listening in order to focus exclusively on the sound. And certainly it will take some time and several listening sessions before you can fully appreciate this new dimension of CW reception. The demo consists of 9 radio clips :

Clip #1 (39 sec.): Sweep across the 40m CW band. The clip starts monaural, after 15 sec. the CODEPHASER is switched in and the signals now appear on the right moving to the left with increasing pitch ...

During the following clips, the CODEPHASER is switched in and out alternately (the switching moment can be identified by a short popping noise):

Clip #2 (18 sec.), Clip #3 (30 sec.), Clip #4 (31 sec.): CW pile-ups. A wide filter is used to enhance the spatial effect. Pay attention especially to G3PHO in the first and F6COW in the last pile-up ...

Clip #5 (16 sec.), Clip #6 (19 sec.), Clip #7 (10 sec.): FSK-signals. Though it makes no sense to listen to them, they sound quite interesting through the CODEPHASER ...

Clip #8 (18 sec.), Clip #9 (18 sec.): SSB-signals.

Please listen to the 
CODEPHASER sound demo


Sometimes, at rare occasions in the night during the winter months and predominantly on the 80m-band, very few radio amateurs are lucky enough to observe a strange and most thrilling phenomenon: they can hear the echoes of their own transmitted signals, delayed by much more time than a trip around the globe would take. Please don't hesitate to download my simple computer program
mde.exe which explains Magnetospheric Duct Echoes (MDEs), calculates path lengths and time delays specifically for your location and contains a short bibliography on that topic. This small self-explanatory program (95 KB) is absolutely save to use on any Windows platform and does neither generate nor touch any files on your system. Always keep a recording device attached to your transceiver and ready to go - who knows, maybe you are one of those few lucky radio operators who ever experience these rare echoes ...


Being a passionate CW operator, after 35 years of mainly high-speed operation with electronic keyers I felt more and more bored listening to the uniform and impersonal sound of CW signals on the amateur radio bands. That's why in March 2008 I found myself a new challenge: to build and learn to operate a Cootie key. The picture shows my homebrew Cootie  #1. Please note that this is NOT a paddle to operate an electronic keyer, and it is also NOT a semi-automatic key or "Bug" ! In fact, the dots and dashes are both made manually by horizontal movement of the blade. If properly operated, the resulting CW note sounds very distinct, melodic and a little bit corny ... My main key is still electronic ("CMOS Super Keyer II" with a homebrew Sensor-Paddle which works much better than common sensors by utilizing the capacity of the human body instead of the skin resistance). However, operating the Cootie makes a lot more fun, is a most natural way of sending morse code, and learning to master it is a true challenge which took me more than two years. So you can hear me on the air - not always but often - with my sweet sounding Cootie ...


Extremely small and highly efficient - These two properties of a fictious superantenna sound very attractive, not only to us radio amateurs. Unfortunately, they are physically competing since the smaller the antenna copared to the wavelength, the smaller the radiation resistance. And because in real antenna systems the losses increase with decreasing radiation resistance, efficiency drops with reduction in size. See my detailed analysis of the DL7PE-MicroVert and it's derivatives and learn
how the MicoVert really works (in English and in German).


In 1973 the two scientists Friedrich Landstorfer and Hans Heinrich Meinke of the University Munich published a highly interesting article that explains the division of the total antenna capacitance into so-called space capacitance and dead capacitance very clearly both in quality and in quantity on the basis of the time-dependent course of wave detachment in the near field of antennas - a subject which has been intensively addressed by Prof. Dr. Landstorfer with many interesting publications. They show why and how the radiation resistance and as a result also the efficiency are decreasing with shortening of a radiator, why for a rod of uniform diameter that diameter has no influence on the radiation resistance and how constructive measures affect efficiency. Download the German original
"Ein neues Ersatzbild für die Impedanz kurzer Strahler" (PDF, 1037 KB) or my English translation "A New Equivalent Circuit for the Impedance of Short Radiators" (PDF, 322 KB).


Where on an antenna does radiation come from ? If you are one of those searching minds intrigued by this big question, read the explanation on the Poynting vector and energy flux in electromagnetic wave fields as part of my analysis
how the MicoVert really works (in English and in German) and watch my little movies Poynting #1 and Poynting #2. They visualize the electromagnetic energy flow around a dipole transmitting antenna in free space, represented by a Poynting vector field. The movies start to run with normal speed as soon as the picture is completely downloaded. Watch very carefully since it takes time before some most interesting details become obvious ... (Animated GIFs, work only if viewed with a web browser, best resolution: 1024x768).


"common-mode choke", "current balun", "Guanella balun" or "1:1 Guanella" are different names for the same device which is widely used in electronic engineering to force balanced RF currents. It is generally claimed that it was invented in 1944 by the Swiss Gustav Guanella - Fact is, however, that this device has been already invented and patented in 1932 (patent #592184) by the German Felix Gerth for the company "C. Lorenz Aktien-Gesellschaft" Berlin-Tempelhof". There is no doubt that it was an ingenious idea by Guanella to use that common-mode choke as the basic building block for his transmission line transformers in later patents, with ports connected in parallel on the low-impedance side and in series on the high-impedance side. But the common-mode choke itself is the true brainchild and invention of Felix Gerth. Here are some translated excerpts from Gerth's patent paper:

"High-frequency engineering utilizes energy transmission lines which are comprised of two parallel conductors carrying high frequency in anti-phase so that their external fields compensate and no radiation is present. If, however, the geometrical lenghts of these energy transmission lines are in the order of a wavelength with external fields being present, it is possible that the conductors also carry in-phase currents in addition to the anti-phase currents. This is the case, for example, in arrangements which are used to feed antennas ... These in-phase currents result in radiation of the energy transmission line ... In order to prevent these drawbacks, it is suggested to include means by which anti-phase currents are allowed to flow unhindered through the parallel conductors whereas in-phase currents are hindered ... an arrangement of coils is inserted which consists of two coils wound into each other in the same sense thus being tightly coupled. The inductivities of the coils cancel for the anti-phase currents from the transmitter so that energy flow in that wanted direction is unhindered. But for the in-phase currents which are induced by emission of the antenna the inductances sum up so that these currents encounter a high resistance and thus are hindered ..."



The mains grid is neither intended nor suitable for broadband data transmission. Although PLC (Powerline Communication) is able to disturb radio services and to render a valuable natural resource useless, the PLC-Lobby and the European Commission try to push through this unfit-for-purpose and superfluous technology against technical reason and by circumventing sound standards ...

The Trojan Horse of the PLC-Lobby: FprEN 50561-1 (Part 1)

Doomed to Fail: FprEN 50561-1 (Part 2)

1st complaint about maladministration to the European ombudsman (22 July 2014)

Letter from the European ombudsman Emily O'Reilly (26 August 2014)

Reply letter to the European ombudsman (18 September 2014)

2nd complaint about maladministration to the European ombudsman (15 October 2014)

Letter from the European ombudsman Emily O'Reilly (13 November 2014)

Reply letter to the European ombudsman (8 December 2014)

3rd complaint about maladministration to the European ombudsman (12 January 2015)

Letter from the European ombudsman Emily O'Reilly (2 February 2015)

Reply Email to the European ombudsman (11 February 2015)

Letter from the European ombudsman Emily O'Reilly (10 March 2015)


Das Stromnetz ist für breitbandige Datenübertragung weder vorgesehen noch geeignet. Obwohl PLC (Powerline Communication) Funkdienste stören und eine wertvolle natürliche Ressource unbrauchbar machen kann, versuchen PLC-Lobby und Europäische Kommission diese untaugliche und unnötige Technologie gegen  technische Vernunft und durch Umgehung fundierter Normen durchzusetzen ...

Das Trojanische Pferd der PLC-Lobby: FprEN 50561-1 (Teil 1)

Zum Scheitern verurteilt: FprEN 50561-1 (Teil 2)

Offener Brief an BMWi, BMVI und BNetzA:
Lobbypolitik für untaugliche PLC-Technologie statt Sachverstand und technische Vernunft

Offener Brief an Viviane Reding:
Europäische Kommission fördert illegitime Norm für untaugliche PLC-Technologie

Offener Brief an Annegret Kübler-Bork, Bundesnetzagentur Referat 416:
Die illegitime Norm EN 50561-1 und ihre unzulässige Anwendung auf PLC-Netzwerke


CISPR is the Special International Committee on Radio Interference of the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC with central office in Geneva, Switzerland. It is concerned with the development of standards regarding electromagnetic interference and most of these are adopted by the European Union and many other countries. Disturbance limits for Power Line Telecommunications (PLT) systems are defined by the standard CISPR 22 and its European equivalent EN 55022 entitled "Information technology equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement". Read my report describing why and how CISPR and the PLT lobby threaten the Radio Services ...

IEC/CISPR Threatens Radio Services by a Planned 18 dB Relaxation of PLT Disturbance Limits (Part 1)

CISPR Project Team Dominated by PLT Lobby - Rationale Behind Proposed Approach Disproved (Part 2)

To be continued - stay tuned !


The European Commission considers the protection of radio services from harmful interference caused by electrical aparatus of any kind as embodied within the Constitution an Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), which represents international law, to be an obstacle to trade and market. With her old directive 2004/108/EC on electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) she grossly cut down the protection of radio services for the benefit of neoliberal political objectives. The German federal ministry for economy and technology (BMWi) even went one step further - and stepped the mark - with it's bill for a national electromagnetic compatibility act (EMVG), which became national law and was a first attempt of the subordinate federal regulatory authority for telecommunications (BNetzA) to get rid of her liability for the protection of all radio services. Now the BNetzA tries to diminish the protection of radio services further with the latest amendment of the EMVG which transforms the EU directive 2014/30/EU into national law. The new EMVG infringes not only the ITU Radio Regulations and thus international law, but also the EMC-Directive of the European Council itself. Here are my
comment and petitions on that bill for download (in German only).

(in German only)

Mitteilungsblatt für den Amateurfunkdienst -
Archiv mit allen Ausgaben zum Download


Yaesu FL-2100Z Linar Power Amplifier  

Tennadyne T6 LPDA (Log Periodic Dipole Array)  


FOC The First Class CW Operators' Club

WebSDR (Software-Defined Radio receiver) at the University of Twente / Netherlands

ANTENTOP e-magazine devoted to antennas and amateur radio

The Radio Regulations are a binding treaty for all ITU member states

DX Summit monitors amateur radio DX spots, live from the worldwide packet-radio DX cluster

Announced DX Operations by Bill Feidt, NG3K

FUNKAMATEUR is a popular German amateur radio and electronics magazine

IARU (International Amateur Radio Union)

National Amateur Radio Organizations - Please accept my apologies that I cannot list all of them, here are some of the larger ones:

WIA (Wireless Institute of Australia)

LABRE (Liga Brasileira de Radioamadores)

DARC (Deutscher Amateur Radio Club)

REF (Union Francais des Radioamateurs)

RSGB (Radio Society of Great Britain)

ARI (Associazione Radioamatori Italiani)

JARL (Japan Amateur Radio League)

SRR (Soyuz Radiolyubitelei Rossii)

ARRL (American Radio Relay League)

Radio amateurs homepages:

DL4YHF - Wolgang Büscher's fantastic audio spectrum analyzer software "Spectrum Lab"

JF1OZL - ingenious electronic circuits for the homebrewer


"On the Shortwaves" - a great site devoted to the history of shortwave broadcasting

Prime Time Shortwave
guide for English shortwave broadcast schedules ...

Hugh's Awesome Shortwave Recordings

Interval Signals Online


from Digisondes around the world

Solar Terrestrial Dispatch by Lutz Schenk

10.7 cm Solar Radio Flux

- A free professional HF prediction program, originally developed for the Voice of America (VOA)


Simon Mason's site on Secret Signals with a lot of infos, sound-clips and links ...

Learn more about
Shortwave Spy Number Stations


Take a Breath of Complexity on the site of Levitated Design & Code. Click on any image and find out what you can do with the mouse - absolutely fantastic !

Richard Feynman was the ultimate physicist and the greatest lecturer of all time ...


Any comments and suggestions are welcome, please send your email to:

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